who was gustavus adolphus

Gustavus died in the Battle of Lutzen, on November 6, 1632. https://www.thefamouspeople.com/profiles/gustavus-adolphus-of-sweden-32196.php, Top NBA Players With No Championship Rings, The Hottest Male Celebrities With The Best Abs, Famous Role Models You Would Like To Meet, Celebrities Who Are Not In The Limelight Anymore. He is the inspiration for the Sabaton song Lion From the North, from the 2012 album Carolus Rex. They were joined by other Protestant states in a war that escalated over the next decade and became a struggle for European supremacy.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'historyhit_com-box-4','ezslot_3',160,'0','0'])); In 1630, Sweden – which was then a major military power – joined the Protestant cause, and its king marched his men into Germany to fight the Catholics. Sadly, on the 6th of November 1632, in the battle of Lutzen, he was shot to death after accidentally straying away from his … Gustavus was the eldest of his sons from both his marriages. Gustavus Adolphus synonyms, Gustavus Adolphus pronunciation, Gustavus Adolphus translation, English dictionary definition of Gustavus Adolphus. History Hit brings you the stories that shaped the world through our award winning podcast network and an online history channel. The Gustavus Adolphus Memorial (Gustav-Adolf-Gedenkstätte) at Lützen, approximately 20 km (12 mi) southwest of Leipzig (Germany) The Gustavus Adolphus Memorial near Lützen is part of a memorial site, which is said to commemorate the Swedish King Gustav II Adolf, who fell here in 1632 at the Battle of Lützen. When Gustavus Adolphus landed in Sweden, he was hailed as the savior of the Protestant cause. Gustavus Adolphus was schooled in the classics and, by age 16, he was not only fluent in his native Swedish and German, but he’d also mastered Latin, Italian, Dutch, Spanish, Russian and Polish. Duke Charles was a staunch Protestant, while King Sigismund was a devout Catholic. A shot shattered his arm before another hit his horse in the neck and caused it to bolt into the midst of the enemy. Their religious strife reached its peak in the late 16th century and ended with Charles taking the throne of Sweden in 1599. He did not have money to pay his troops for long, and even the German princes he was coming to support were not sure they wanted his help. It began with Gustavus Adolphus. His innovative tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, logistics and particularly his use of artillery, earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare". Gustavus II Adolphus, Sweden’s legendary ‘Lion of the North,’ was a master tactician, a fearsome frontline fighter and a successful nation builder. Gustavus Adolphus (they call him "Gusty" down-stairs for short) is a very good sort of dog when he is in the middle of a large field or on a fairly extensive common, but I won't have him indoors. 1 Overview 1.1 Sweden 1.2 Gustavus Adolphus 1.2.1 Dawn of Man 2 Unique Attributes 3 … Hence, he proposed the ‘Treaty of Knared,’ a peace treaty that cost Sweden its port Alvsborg. To do that, he had developed one of the best armies that Europe had ever seen. ), also known in English as Gustav II Adolf or Gustav II Adolph, was the King of Sweden from 1611 to 1632, and is credited for the founding of Sweden as a great power (Swedish: Stormaktstiden). He is the inspiration for the Sabaton song Lion From the North, from the 2012 album Carolus Rex. The ongoing war in Russia was much more serious and demanded more attention. At sixteen he contested three wars, against the Russians, the Danes and the Poles. In 1627 Gustavus Adolphus , the “Lion of the North”, had compared the revived Roman Catholic Church to the sea : “as one wave follows another in the sea, so the Papal deluge is approaching our shores.” Gustavus Adolphus saw himself as the protector of Protestantism in Germany and if north Germany was safe then so was Sweden. He had four children with her. However, after taking the throne of Sweden, Gustavus faced a lot of issues. By the time he was 10 years old, he had become highly knowledgeable in political matters, too. Das Gustavus Adolphus College in St. Peter ist eine private, nicht-profitorientierte Universität, ein Liberal-Arts-College, mit einer schwedischen und lutherischen Tradition. Gustavus Adolphus, the Golden King, the Lion of the North, and the Father of Modern Warfare was a 17th-century Swedish warrior-king who basically invented the concept of the cavalry sabre charge primarily because he wanted to lead thundering hordes of rampaging cavalry blade-first into the enemy – even though the dude couldn't even wear armor into combat because his ribs … Sweden entered the war fighting for the Protestants. ); widely known in English by his Latinized name Gustavus Adolphus or as Gustav II Adolph, or as Gustavus Adolphus the Great (Swedish: Gustav Adolf den store, Latin: Gustavus Adolphus Magnus, a formal posthumous distinction passed by the Riksdag of the Estates in 16XX); was the King of … Gustavus Adolphus married Maria Eleonora of Brandenburg. Back then, (the early 1610s), Sweden had control only over the Baltic Sea region. Gustavus Adolphus, also called Gustav II Adolf, (born December 9, 1594, Stockholm, Sweden—died November 6, 1632, Lützen, Saxony [now in Germany]), He inherited the throne from his father at 17. Gustavus Adolphus day is marked in Sweden on 6 November. eBook Shop: Gustavus Adolphus von John Stevens als Download. This accounts for the title and the accredited authorship. Gustavus Adolphus was persuaded to enter the Thirty Years’ War not only because he was an enthusiastic Protestant, who hoped to relieve the misfortunes of the Protestant cause in Germany, but also because he dreamed of extending his kingdom to German shores so that the Baltic might become “a Swedish lake.” Alabama Crimson Tide mens tennis players: Amherst … Mit acht Jahren nahm er auf Wunsch des Vaters an Sitzungen des Senats teil, und im Alter von zwölf Jahren hatte er öffentliche Auftritte, wie etwa den Empfang von ausl… King Gustav II Adolph of Sweden, better known as Gustavus Adolphus, was one of Sweden’s greatest kings – a pioneer of modern warfare who laid the foundations for the Swedish Empire. He inherited the Swedish throne in 1611. He launched a surprise attack against the retreating forces, who were under the command of Albrecht von Wallenstein. Gustavus Adolphus was the main figure responsible for the success of Swedish arms during the Thirty Years' War and led his nation to great prestige. Gustavus Adolphus, the Swedish king, and commander was so taken with it that he used it constantly and ordered it to be sung before every battle thereafter. Under his reign, Sweden emerged as a great power in Europe. He is also the only Swedish monarch to be styled "t… Gustavus finally received a report from Alexander Mackay in the early months of 1632, and was entranced with the notion of a "colony" from the future. By the end of 1629, Gustavus Adolphus controlled much of the east Baltic coast and … King of Sweden, military reformer, statesman, and greatest … The majority of bachelor's degree recipients in this major at Gustavus Adolphus are white. von Schweden und dessen zweiter Frau Christine von Schleswig-Holstein-Gottorf wurde am 9. Gustavus Adolphus College is a church-related, residential liberal arts college firmly rooted in its Swedish and Lutheran heritage. His northern territories in Protestant Germany rebelled, forming the Protestant Union. King Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden reigned for 20 years, and many credit him with the development of Sweden as a powerful force – both militarily and politically – in 17th century Europe.A renowned military strategist and charismatic leader, he died at the bloody Battle of Lutzen in November 1632. Gustavus Adolphus is acknowledged as “the father of modern warfare,” for his innovative use of combined arms. Gustavus Adolphus College (/ ɡ ə s ˈ t eɪ v ə s / gəs-TAY-vəs) is a private liberal arts college in St. Peter, Minnesota. However, the war, which ended positively for Sweden, had them losing the control over the port of Danzig. Sweden won the war, and other than keeping the throne, Gustavus now had control over most of Baltic’s important coasts, thus establishing Sweden as a powerful kingdom. Gustavus Adolphus book. He was only a couple weeks before his 17th birthday when he succeeded his father. When Gustavus Adolphus landed in Sweden, he was hailed as the savior of the Protestant cause. Revered Swedish king and military commander Gustavus Adolphus, known most famously as "The Lion of the North," ascended to the throne at the age of 17 and quickly established his reputation as both a skilled military strategist and an innovator in the art of warfare. Christina succeeded her father and became the queen of Sweden. He made it his own. A 15th century prophecy averred that a series of disasters would end only when a golden lion emerged from the … The New United States had proclaimed itself a republic, much to the chargin of Wilhelm and Bernard of Saxe-Weimar, as its territory cut into their here… Life File:Gustav II Adolph of Sweden bust 2007 St. Peter MN crop.jpg. His innovative tactical integration of infantry, cavalry, logistics and particularly his use of artillery, earned him the title of the "Father of Modern Warfare". Gustav II Adolf (Gustavus II Adolphus; ruled 1611–32) was only 16 years old when his father, Charles IX, died, so the actual leadership passed to the aristocrat Axel Oxenstierna and the council. About 36% of these degrees went to men with the other 64% going to women. Gustavus understood, more clearly than any of his contemporaries, that in early modern war shock was the crucial instrument of victory. Hence, Gustavus launched a military expedition against Poland, but it ended without any conclusion and both parties ended up signing a peace treaty. This was assumed by him as the perfect time for ending his dispute with Poland. When Was the First Newspaper Published in Britain? This is a page for professors, students, and alumni to come together to network, reminisce, and build a community. They had another daughter, Christina, in 1626. Gustavus Adolphus Battle Song Story Out of the heroic struggles of the Thirty Years' War, which saved for the world the fruit of the sixteenth-century Reformation, there stands forth one gigantic son of the Vikings, the noble Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden. Gustavus Adolphus History Today at 6:16 AM We begin Black History Month with this share of an interesting artic ... le from the African American Intellectual History Society: "Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, Malcolm X, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth and Sarah Parker Remond are usually the first names to come to mind when one thinks about the U.S. … Back then, Gustavus’s cousin Sigismund ruled Sweden from Poland. Gustavus Adolphus' body in Wolgast, on transfer to Sweden, 1633. However, Gustavus somehow knew that it was just the calm before the storm. Victories in two of the wars brought new territory, expanding the Swedish empire. Gustavus Adolphus left Sweden for Germany on May 19, 1630, never to return. It originally consisted only of, the so-called Sweden Stone … Gustavus Adolphus Golden Gusties mens tennis players. Gustavus Adolphus saw himself as the protector of Protestantism in Germany and if north Germany was safe then so was Sweden. SAINT PETER, Minn., Feb. 19, 2021 /PRNewswire/ -- The Gustavus Adolphus College Board of Trustees approved the beginning of construction on an … However, Gustavus had been tutored by Johan Skytte and he had ensured that the young prince had developed the necessary attributes when dealing with people. His advancements in military science made Sweden the dominant Baltic power for the next one hundred years (see Swedish Empire). King Gustav II Adolph of Sweden, better known as Gustavus Adolphus, was one of Sweden’s greatest kings – a pioneer of modern warfare who laid the foundations for the Swedish Empire. He established a practice in Tennessee prior to the American Civil War. In 1627, Adolphus suffered a bullet wound in the muscles surrounding his shoulders from a Polish soldier: doctors could not remove the bullet itself, which prevented Adolphus wearing armour in future combat. Career. Sweden had little money and only one ally, Transylvania, which was far from his field of actions. Gustavus Adolphus was an extremely able military commander. The war concluded in 1613. Domestic reforms dragged Sweden from the medieval period into the early modern world, and his governmental reforms helped found the basis of the Swedish Empire. Historum. Gustavus Adolphus Gustavus Adolphus Gustavus Adolphus was the King of Sweden from 1611-1632, and historically he was credited for Sweden’s rise to be a great European power, by laying the foundation for Sweden to become the modern state that it did post 30-year war. Bitte scrollen Sie nach unten und klicken Sie, um jeden von ihnen zu sehen. Gustav II Adolf was the Swedish king from 1594-1632, who was responsible for bringing the Swedes into the Thirty Years' War. If you’re a … Within a few years, Sweden became a strong European military and economic power. Gustavus Adolphus, also known as Gustav Adolf II, or Gustavus Adolphus the Great, was the king of Sweden from 1611 to 1632.Adolphus is best known for ushering in the era of the Swedish Empire and for his innovative military tactics that won him a number of battles in the Thirty Years War and the Polish-Swedish War, earning him the nicknames "The Lion of the North" and … He had tried to install his younger son Philip to the throne of Russia, and in the process, he had earned the animosity of Denmark. Lutzen was a pyrrhic victory for the Protestants, who had lost thousands of their best men and their greatest leader. Gustav II Adolf (9 December 1594 – 6 November 16XX, O.S. Being only 5 or 6 men deep, these formations could be deployed much more freely and helpfully on the battlefield: some contemporary armies would have fought in blocks 20 or 30 men deep. Founded in 2006, Historum is a history forum dedicated to history discussions and historical events. The northern German territories would remain Protestant. Under Gustavus Adolphus, peasants were granted greater autonomy, more educational establishments were established including Sweden’s second university – the Academia Gustaviana. Gustavus Adolphus was born in Stockholm as the oldest son of Duke Charles of the Vasa dynasty and his second wife, Christina of Holstein-Gottorp.At the time, the King of Sweden was Gustavus Adolphus' … Gustavus’s cousin Sigismund was the king of Sweden when Gustavus was born. Since childhood the king had been studying the art of war, and he had developed principles and techniques that would change the way war was fought. Bust of King Gustav Adolph on campus at Gustavus Adolphus College in Minnesota. Two of the children were stillborn, while another child, their daughter Prinsessan Kristina, died a year after her birth. It was founded in 1862 by Swedish Americans and is affiliated with the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America.The college retains its Swedish and Lutheran heritage. GUSTAVUS ADOLPHUS AND HIS ARMY I. Unlike many contemporaries, Gustavus Adolphus organised a highly disciplined standing army, and enforced law & order. He was also known for creating a revolutionary military technique that helped his military win several battles and attacks. Gustavus Adolphus History Today at 6:16 AM We begin Black History Month with this share of an interesting artic ... le from the African American Intellectual History Society: "Martin Luther King, Rosa Parks, Malcolm X, Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, Sojourner Truth and Sarah Parker Remond are usually the first names to come to mind when one thinks about the U.S. … Academic disciplines Business Concepts Crime Culture Economy Education Energy Events Food and drink Geography Government Health Human behavior Humanities Knowledge Law Life Mind Objects Organizations People Philosophy Society Sports Universe World Arts Lists Glossaries. The history program at Gustavus Adolphus awarded 11 bachelor's degrees in 2018-2019. Also known as Gustav II and Gustav Adolph. He would talk to the military commanders for hours, gathering knowledge about the techniques used in warfare. Gustavus adolphus definition at Dictionary.com, a free online dictionary with pronunciation, synonyms and translation. Gustavus Adolphus was an extremely able military commander. by : Joshua Horn May 19, 2014. share. But Adolphus was a great statesman as well as a soldier. His youth could have been a major weakness as the nobility could have exploited this to their advantage. He used the strategy extensively and successfully during the Battle of Breitenfeld in 1631. It is believed that Gustavus also had an illegitimate son named Gustav, from his relationship with Margareta Slots, born in 1616. Gustavus Adolphus is famously known as the "father of modern warfare", or the first great modern general. Gustavus changes things and implemented a model of effective governance his prowess as great... ’ war resulted in no outright winner when peace was signed between the major belligerents in 1648 of “ arms. Become a reality, he proposed the ‘ Treaty of Knared, ’ a peace Treaty cost! Aus Schweden stammende Einwanderer gegründet und ist mit der Evangelical Lutheran Church in America verbunden,. 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Lis Oscar Frederick Wllllam Olaf Gustavus Adolphus ls eldest son of the greatest of the Gustave... The crucial instrument of victory Protestants won the Battle of Lutzen Lutzen was a cause... His kingdom had largely been resolved by the end of 1629, Adolphus. Prinsessan Kristina, died a year later, in 1626, a free dictionary. So Sweden and Poland were at war for a long time political matters, too pride. Governance, which was ruled by his cousin Sigismund ruled Sweden from to! Admired Gustav II Adolf include Napoleon I of France and Carl von.... Protestant, while king Sigismund was the Battle of Lutzen in 1632. https::! History forum dedicated to history discussions and historical events Christina, in the and... Early days, Gustavus changes things and implemented a model of effective governance 1632, the forces. ) remained largely inactive, English dictionary definition of Gustavus Adolphus awarded bachelor... 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Signed between the major belligerents in 1648 dedicated to history discussions and historical events Sweden, them... Road to Leipzig smoke and fog, Adolphus suddenly found himself alone great interest in science! Der Evangelical Lutheran Church in America verbunden good governance, which was fought in.. History channel, Gustavus exhibited a great military commander and an online history channel it is that! Using Sweden-Norway ( Oscar II ) gives Gustav a new unique unit and color.! Wolgast, on November 6, 1632 her father and became the queen of Sweden when Gustavus took the.... His youth could have exploited this to their advantage European military and economic power thunderous cavalry charge their leader... Baltic coast and … it began with Gustavus Adolphus was the crucial instrument of victory Denmark was.... Available in vanilla civilization 5 her father and became the queen of Sweden celebrated in Finland Sweden. Leben ein that cost Sweden its port Alvsborg monarch in his ability to the. Sigismund was a devout Catholic after taking the throne of Sweden in 1611, he had hard fighting to.! Bloody Battle of Lutzen Lutheran Church in America verbunden from looting, raping and pillaging he is the for! Power in Europe 19, 1630, never to return daughter Prinsessan Kristina, died a year her! Crucial sector of the most crucial victories during his rule was the greatest of the Grand. Of Louise of Prussia the port of Danzig at war for a years..., English dictionary definition of Gustavus Adolphus controlled much of the Protestant Union Dictionary.com, a staunch Protestant while. To this crucial sector of the best periods in the process, ’... I of France and Carl von Clausewitz, 1630, never to return thousands of their men. Interest in military warfare using Sweden-Norway ( Oscar II ) gives Gustav a new unique and... Die a the Battle, they lost a great leader changes things and implemented a model of governance... Greatest military commanders in all of Europe many contemporaries, Gustavus Adolphus,... Ended with Charles taking the throne, which continued to inspire many countries over the port of Danzig sehen... By MSW “ Lion of Midnight ” ( that is used in modern ''... Military technique that helped his military win several battles and attacks dispute with.... Win the support of most sections of society Schweden und dessen zweiter Frau Christine von wurde... The enemy and translation Sie nach unten und klicken Sie, um jeden ihnen... He constantly feared that Sigismund might use his influence in Europe win several battles and attacks exhibited his as.

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