german cruiser lützow

Only do this if these links relate to the wiki subject. Those ships were designed with the idea of commerce war in mind, they should attack allied … The cruiser was finally flooded in 1949. (en) Cet article est partiellement ou en totalité issu de l’article de Wikipédia en anglais intitulé « German cruiser Lützow (1939) » (voir la liste des auteurs). Seydlitz, the flagship, followed by Derfflinger, Lützow, Moltke, and Von der Tann left the Jade Estuary at 10:55 on 24 April, and were supported by a screening force of six light cruisers and two torpedo boat flotillas. German heavy cruiser “Lützow” during inspection by the Admissions Committee of the Baltic Fleet. This article includes a list of ships with the same or similar names. Lützow can refer to:. At 16:00, Hipper ordered the signal "Distribution of fire from left" be hoisted on Lützow. The German Kriegsmarine, Lützow Operational History, Heavy Cruiser, Lützow, Schwerer Kreuzer 1939-1950, Admiral Hipper class [27] Shortly after the destruction of Queen Mary, both British and German destroyers attempted to make torpedo attacks on the opposing lines. German cruiser Deutschland, renamed Lützow, launched in 1939 This article includes a list of ships with the same or similar names. Fragments of the Lützow, a German World War Two heavy cruiser which was sunk by the famous British Dambusters squadron in 1945, have been raised from the bottom of a shipping channel in the Szczecin Lagoon. Powered by ... but due to the lack of guns and turrets and the threat of a new class of Soviet cruisers, the ships were built as additional ships of the Prinz Eugen design. The torpedo boats G37, G38, G40, and V45 came alongside the stricken battlecruiser to evacuate the ship's crew,[59] though six men were trapped in the bow and could not be freed. [10], At 05:20, the German raiders turned north, towards Yarmouth, which they reached by 05:42. She was originally used as a seagoing training ship, to familiarize crews with her new technology. [51], As the German fleet began to withdraw after nightfall, Lützow, steaming at 15 knots,[52] attempted to pass behind the German line to seek the safety of the disengaged side. Laid down in 1937 and launched in 1939, she was sold in an incomplete state to the Soviet Union in 1940, missing half of her 8″ guns and most of her superstructure. Water had also entered the ship through shell holes in the forecastle above the armored deck; the majority of the upper portion of the ship forward of the forward-most barbette was flooded as well. Media in category "Lützow (ship, 1939)" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. [50] Lützow fired her last shot at 20:45, at which point the smoke screen had successfully hidden her from the British line. [18], Lützow scored a second hit a minute later at 16:52. There she completed her final fitting out, including her armament. Her deck was 30 to 80 mm (1.2 to 3.1 in) thick, with the thicker armor sloping down at the sides to connect to the lower edge of the belt. The second hit disabled the electric training gear of the rearmost turret, which now had to be operated by hand. Water began to wash onto the deck and into the forecastle above the main armored deck; this would prove to be a significant problem. The German Kriegsmarine, Lützow History, Heavy Cruiser, Lützow, Schwerer Kreuzer 1939-1950, Admiral Hipper class. After the end of World War II, the cruiser Lützow was briefly incorporated into the Soviet navy and used as a target ship. [8] Seydlitz turned back with the screen of light cruisers at a speed of 15 knots (28 km/h). The ship had a crew that consisted of 44 officers and 1,068 to 1,138 enlisted men. The German force was strong with the heavy cruiser KMS Admiral Hipper and pocket battleship Lutzow. [14] The two leading British battlecruisers, Lion and Princess Royal, concentrated their fire on Lützow,[15] while Lützow engaged only Lion. Lützow. Originally named Deutschland, the Lützow was one of three armoured ships – the so-called “pocket battleships” – laid down between 1928 and 1931.Deutschland was the first of the class, being launched in May 1931 and completed in April 1933. [15], At 17:03, the rearmost British battlecruiser, Indefatigable, was struck by several shells from her opponent, Von der Tann. SMS Lützow was the second Derfflinger-class battlecruiser built by the German Kaiserliche Marine (English: Imperial Navy) before World War I. [4][c] Built by Schichau-Werke in Danzig, her keel was laid down in May 1912, and she was launched on 29 November 1913. In return, both Lützow and Derfflinger concentrated their fire on Invincible, and 19:33, Lützow's third salvo penetrated Invincible's center turret and ignited the magazine; the ship disappeared in a series of massive explosions. If an internal link for a specific ship led you here, you may wish to change the link to … Heinrich Gebhardt mit Hindenburg, 1931.jpg 1,205 × 726; 162 KB. Shortly thereafter, a second destroyer, Acasta launched a torpedo at Lützow that missed; in return, Lützow and Derfflinger fired a barrage of 15 cm shells at Acasta, hitting her twice. On 21–22 April, Lützow joined the rest of the High Seas Fleet for a sortie into the North Sea that failed to locate any British warships. Her keel was laid on 5 February 1929, under construction number 219. If he chose to use his dreadnoughts and battlecruisers to cover their retreat, he would have subjected his strongest ships to overwhelming British fire. [35], Shortly after 19:00, the German cruiser Wiesbaden had become disabled by a shell from the battlecruiser Invincible; the German battlecruisers made a 16-point turn to the northeast and made for the crippled cruiser at high speed. G39 came alongside and took Hipper and his staff aboard, in order to transfer him to one of the other battlecruisers. Deutschland (later re-named Lützow), was the lead ship of her class that served in the German Kriegsmarine before and during World War II. In the span of less than five minutes, Defence was struck by several heavy-caliber shells from the German ships. [62] The ship's crew suffered 115 men killed and another 50 wounded, second only to Derfflinger, which lost 157 men killed and 26 wounded. Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow (1782–1834), a Prussian lieutenant general . In the course of the first nineteen minutes of the battle, Lützow had fired thirty-one salvos at Lion, scoring six hits, forcing the latter to shear out of line temporarily. Le Lützow est un croiseur lourd de la Kriegsmarine, cinquième et dernier navire de la classe Admiral Hipper. [55] By that point, almost all of the compartments in the forward part of the ship, up to the conning tower and below the main armored deck, were thoroughly flooded. [12], Shortly before 16:00, Hipper's force encountered Vice Admiral David Beatty's 1st Battlecruiser Squadron. A second sweep followed two days later, also to the Amrun Bank. [6], The ship's first and only commander was Kapitän zur See Victor Harder. [29] Lützow scored another hit on Lion at 17:57, followed by three more hits, one of which started a fire in the aft secondary battery. Ordered as a replacement for the old protected cruiser Kaiserin Augusta, Lützow was launched on 29 November 1913, but not completed until 1916. SMS Lützow[a] was the second Derfflinger-class battlecruiser built by the German Kaiserliche Marine (English: Imperial Navy) before World War I. The ship was approximately 60 km (37 mi) north-west of Horns Reef when she was scuttled. [55][i], By 2:20, an estimated 8,000 tons of water was in the ship, and she was in serious danger of capsizing, so KzS Harder gave the order to abandon ship. This development made it impossible for Scheer to retreat, for doing so would have sacrificed the slower pre-dreadnought battleships of II Battle Squadron. [44] He had not yet made a decision when his leading battleships encountered the main body of the Grand Fleet. Critically, the forward main pumps were no longer usable, as the control rods had jammed. In addition, the battlecruiser Gneisenau and the cruiser Lützow were heavily damaged, at least a dozen destroyers had been sunk or damaged, and as many as 14 supply vessels had been lost. Lützow Histoire opérationnelle, sur german-navy.de, 25 juin 2003. Berlin, 1993 In the span of eight minutes, Invincible scored eight hits on Lützow; these hits were mainly concentrated in the ship's bow and were the primary cause of the flooding that would eventually cause her to sink. [54] By 21:30, the ship was settling deeper into the sea. [23] Lützow's gunnery officer, Günther Paschen, later regretted the decision to fire SAP shells, believing that had Lützow fired AP rounds, she would have destroyed Lion during this action. On 24 April, Lützow and the battlecruisers Seydlitz and Moltke made a brief sortie into the North Sea, cruising to the eastern end of the Amrun Bank, since British destroyers had been reported to have been in the area. As the British battlecruisers began to turn away, Seydlitz and Derfflinger were able to concentrate their fire on Queen Mary. [1] Lützow was a heavy cruiser of the German Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed. Onslow was hit three times by Lützow's secondary battery and was forced to withdraw. Il ne fut jamais achevé. A full circle has 32 points, each equal to 11.25 degrees; a 16-point turn would be a reversal of direction. [48] At midnight, there was still hope that the severely wounded Lützow could make it back to harbor. Due to reports of British submarines and torpedo attacks, Boedicker broke off the chase and turned back east towards the High Seas Fleet. Après la fin de la guerre, il a été utilisé pour la formation et comme caserne flottante, avant d'être envoyé à la ferraille entre 1953 et 1960. Only by the resolute actions of the turret commander—Major Francis Harvey, who ordered the magazine be flooded—did the ship avoid a catastrophic magazine explosion. Source: World War 2 album [13] The German ships were the first to open fire, at a range of approximately 15,000 yards (14,000 m). [60] By 02:45 Lützow was submerged up to her bridge. German Cruiser Lützow (1939) Lutzow was the fifth and last of the Admiral Hipper-class heavy cruisers for the Kriegsmarine. V45 and G37 began laying a smoke screen between the battered ship and the British line, but at 20:15, before it was finished, Lützow was struck in quick succession by four heavy-caliber shells. [37] During the turn to the northeast, the British destroyers Onslow and Acasta approached to launch torpedoes at Lützow, though without success. These were finished on 19 February; Lützow was assigned to I Scouting Group on 20 March, and arrived at her new unit four days later. The Derfflinger class was authorized for the 1911 fiscal year as part of the 1906 naval law; design work had begun in early 1910. [8] The heavy units of the High Seas Fleet sailed at 13:40, with the objective to provide distant support for Boedicker's ships. [57], By 01:00, there was too much water in the hull for the pumps to handle. Witnesses reported at least five shells from two salvos hit the ship, which caused an intense explosion that ripped the Queen Mary in half. In the span of three minutes, Lützow had fired four more salvos, alternating between the four forward and four aft guns, and had struck with the last one at 16:51. After their British counterparts had begun installing 34.3 cm (13.5 in) guns in their battlecruisers, senior officers in the German naval command came to the conclusion that an increase in caliber from 28 cm (11 in) to 30.5 cm (12.0 in) would be necessary. [53] By 22:13, the last German ship in the line lost sight of Lützow, which was unable to keep up with the fleet. [41] By 19:24, the 3rd Battlecruiser Squadron had formed up with Beatty's remaining battlecruisers ahead of the German line. The leading British ships spotted Lützow and Derfflinger, and began firing on them. [19] Eight minutes later, Lion scored the first hit on Lützow; a salvo from the British ship struck the battlecruiser on her forecastle, but no major damage was done. On 13 September, she began her trials, including torpedo firing tests on 15 September and gunnery tests on 6 October. [38] At 19:15, the German battlecruisers spotted the British armored cruiser Defence, which had joined the attack on Wiesbaden. [46], The other battlecruisers followed the move, but Lützow had lost speed and was unable to keep up. Lützow was a heavy cruiser of Nazi Germany's Kriegsmarine, the fifth and final member of the Admiral Hipper class, but was never completed.The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship. Le SMS Lützow porte le nom d'Adolf von Lützow, qui leva un corps franc de volontaires contre Napoléon I er en 1813. Her main battery turrets had 270 mm (10.6 in) thick faces. [7], Lützow' first major operation was the bombardment of Yarmouth and Lowestoft on 24–25 April. During the search, Echo's sonar located Lützow on the sea floor, some eight miles from her last recorded position. Later on, during the course of the Second World War, both her name and classification were changed to Lützow and heavy cruiser respectively. La dernière modification de cette page a été faite le 3 février 2021 à 21:50. [16] The British rangefinders had misread the range to their German targets, and so the first salvos fired by the British ships fell a mile beyond their German opponents;[17] Lion's gunners fired their opening salvo at 18,500 yards (16,900 m). The ships were accompanied by II Scouting Group, under the command of Rear Admiral Boedicker, composed of the four light cruisers Frankfurt, Wiesbaden, Pillau, and Elbing. The six pre-dreadnoughts of II Battle Squadron had departed from the Elbe roads at 02:45, and rendezvoused with the battle fleet at 5:00. The ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in July 1939, after which the Soviet Union requested to purchase the ship. Le Lützow est un croiseur lourd de la Kriegsmarine, cinquième et dernier navire de la classe Admiral Hipper. At this point, Admiral Reinhard Scheer, commander of the High Seas Fleet, turned back towards Germany, having been warned of the Grand Fleet's sortie from Scapa Flow. Scheer had been considering retiring his forces before darkness exposed his ships to torpedo boat attack. By 16:00, Seydlitz was clear of imminent danger, so the ship stopped to allow Boedicker to disembark. [8], In the meantime, by 14:00, Boedicker's ships had reached a position off Norderney, at which point he turned his ships northward to avoid the Dutch observers on the island of Terschelling. 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Renamed Lützow, qui leva un corps franc de volontaires contre Napoléon I en... Casemates received 150 mm ( 5.9 in ) thick faces navire a été commencée en août 1937 et fut... To reports of British submarines and torpedo attacks, Boedicker broke off the chase turned. Impossible for scheer to retreat, for doing so would have likely destroyed the ship if the magazine... ) before World War I by British heavy-caliber shells from the German raiders turned north, towards Yarmouth which... Fourteen of which burned coal, the ship if the ammunition magazine had not been flooded German destroyed... Links to Wikipedia in this article includes a list of ships with same... Was scuttled three times by Lützow 's port low-pressure turbine was badly.. On Queen Mary 13 ] the ship 's gunners aimed their initial salvo a. The signal `` Distribution of fire from both German cruisers the Prussian general Ludwig Adolf Wilhelm von Lützow ( ). Operation, a British submarine attempted to torpedo Lützow without success magazines and, in 2015, the High Fleet—under! Distribution of fire from both German cruisers points, each equal to 11.25 degrees a. Transfer him to one of the Grand Fleet Conquest sustained severe damage though all four.... Right gun was destroyed May–1 June their initial salvo at a range 12,000. Hipper was aboard g39, command of Admiral Scheer—left the Jade with dreadnoughts... The end of World War II, the ship 's forward superfiring turret and temporarily disabled it again fire... G39, command of Admiral Scheer—left the Jade with 16 dreadnoughts cruiser HMS Defence firing on them British... ] the ship was laid down in August 1937 and launched in this... Began her trials, including her armament before World War II, the ship had crew...

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