And perhaps nowhere is Confederate past and present more intertwined than in Lexington. Did he own slaves? A small number of slaves to serve the family and to rent out for extra income. Hetty, and her sons Cyrus and George, and a teenager named Was George Washington a slave owner? One of the most common questions I get when I’m on the road, sharing the story of The Last Days of Stonewall Jackson with Civil War roundtables, concerns Jackson’s last words.. Jackson had spent the afternoon of May 10, 1863, fading in and out of consciousness, in and out of delirium, and at one point started shouting out battle orders. Publicity seeking Lindsey Graham falsely stated that I said there is moral equivalency between the KKK, neo-Nazis & white supremacists……. For more than 150 years they were known only by first names, and through brief anecdotes. “As two of the closest living relatives to Stonewall, we are writing today to ask for the removal of his statue, as well as the removal of all Confederate statues from Monument Avenue. Jackson’s story is a window into the complexities arising from interpersonal relationships within slavery and the tension that produced ambivalence within some white southerners. “The beauty that is being taken out of our cities, towns and parks will be greatly missed and never able to be comparably replaced!”. Trump later condemned white supremacists but was criticized for not calling them out immediately and for saying that there were good and bad people on both sides of the Charlottesville clashes. (James Alex Fields, an accused Hitler admirer, was charged in the murder of Heyer, and videos and photos showed Neo Nazis marching through the streets with torches. Did his family? Jack and Warren Christian penned the open letter asking for the removal of the statues in Richmond, Virginia. He did teach a Sunday school for free blacks and slaves to expose them to the Bible and hymns but teaching reading and writing wasn't part of it. ", Spurgeon discovered Hetty, George and Emma all living in Lincoln County, North Carolina after the war, the site of Anna Jackson’s family home. According to a Washington Times story on a book about Jackson and slaves, “Jackson struggled with the morality of a system that enslaved men and women with whom he shared a brotherhood as children of a loving God. The president also criticized Lindsey Graham on Twitter for saying he had made a moral equivalency between Nazis and other protesters. Jackson “broke the prevailing law of Virginia to conduct a weekly Colored Sabbath School, where slaves were taught to read and write while also being brought to a personal knowledge of the Christ of Jackson’s heart and soul,” reported The Washington Times. It is a question that has long vexed America: How do we teach our history of slavery? In an early morning tweet on August 17, Trump called removing “beautiful” Confederate monuments and statues “foolish.”. "The next thing we know is that when Jackson died Albert is not listed on his estate like the other slaves which indicates they consider him to be free. What about Jackson’s horse, Little Sorrel? Stonewall Jackson Quotes about Slavery and Secession are very tearful, as he has described the bitterness of the society towards the poor people and making them slaves. Stonewall Jackson’s descendants have penned a letter supporting removal of the monuments. Albert, Amy, and Emma were purchased by Jackson. Richmond should, too,” they wrote. Why in 1962 did citizens w name an institution of learning after him? But Thomas Jonathan Jackson was a much more complicated man. Overnight, Baltimore has seen fit to take this action. He defied all the laws of the South by educating his slaves. NPS Image. Stonewall Jackson was the most compelling figure of the Civil War. In Civil War action, July 1861, his troops held the line at the battle of Bull Run. The family letter continued, “We have learned about his reluctance to fight and his teaching of Sunday School to enslaved peoples in Lexington, Virginia, a potentially criminal activity at the time. In 1863, it was his own men that accidentally shot him during one of the major battles of the Civil War at Chancellorsville. He also would fight against the United States when he decided to fight for the Confederacy. I think Jackson purchasing Albert and Amy and accepting the orphan Emma was an act of kindness and stewardship. "One of the biggest questions we always get from visitors is, what happened to the slaves? He just can't forget his election trouncing.The people of South Carolina will remember! Mary Anna may have also brought two or three more slaves to the marriage who were sold and never lived in the Washington Street house. ", Aunt Amy was one of six slaves in the Jackson household. His military career includes the Valley Campaign of 1862 and his service as a corps commander in the Army of … This is a bit from Gods And Generals that I like. Are we going to take down his statue? What do you think of Thomas Jefferson? Although many believe Jackson died immediately, he would actually live for an additional 8 days after being wounded. Thomas Jonathan "Stonewall" Jackson was a Confederate general during the American Civil War, and the best-known Confederate commander after General Robert E. Lee. The “Unite the Right Rally” that drew Nazis and white supremacists to Charlottesville in the first place had focused on the planned removal of a Robert E. Lee statue in that city’s park. Jackson was mortally wounded at the Battle of Chancellorsville. Stonewall Jackson believed masters had a Christian duty to their slaves. Jackson was devoted to “Miss Fanny,” “a slave who raised him,” according to The Washington Times. Such a disgusting lie. Thomas Jonathan Jackson (1824–1863) was a leading Confederate general of the American Civil War. Only General Robert E. Lee occupies a higher place in the Confederate pantheon.”. Stonewall Jackson wasn’t killed by a Union bullet. Jackson owned six slaves and leased at least one out. Hetty would have been more of a maid in the house," Abele explains. The Confederate General Stonewall Jackson did own slaves, and members of his family did too. We have learned how thoughtful and loving he was toward his family. According to History.net, “Slaves came to know him through these classes and sometimes begged him to buy them so they wouldn’t be sold into the Deep South where they might be worked literally to death. "People want to know what happened. According to The Christian Science Monitor. Marquis James’s Pulitzer Prize-wining Life of Andrew Jackson (1938) called Old Hickory the “ideal slave-owner” who shared a “genuine and reciprocal attachment” with his slaves. Stonewall Jackson Quotes On Slavery. S.C. Gwynne says Jackson wasn't a fire-breathing, pro-slavery fighter. This time it’s Jackson’s servant, Jim Lewis, and his horse, Old Sorrel. Part of the work will provide deeper understanding of the six people the Jacksons owned as slaves. American Confederate General Stonewall Jackson (1824 – 1863), born Thomas Jonathan Jackson. Dealing With A Confederate Past is Nothing New to Lexington, Building A Road Map For Teaching About Slavery. Thomas Jonathan “Stonewall” Jackson owned at least seven slaves before the Civil War. "We knew virtually nothing about them after the war," Spurgeon admits. Emma was just 4 years old when Thomas Jackson purchased her as a gift for his wife. His father, a lawyer, died when young Thomas was six and the death left the family impoverished. He was frequently called the most brilliant strategist in the Confederate Army. According to History.net, Stonewall Jackson “won his nickname at the Battle of First Bull Run (First Manassas), but it was his actions at Harpers Ferry in 1861, his 1862 Shenandoah Valley Campaign, and the flanking maneuver at the Battle of Chancellorsville that made him a military legend. How about Thomas Jefferson? Emma was an orphaned 4-year old when she was purchased. "Amy was an elderly woman. On August 16, statues of Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson were removed from public parks in Baltimore, Maryland. Mention the legendary Confederate General Stonewall Jackson to most people and the image that immediately comes to mind is one of a fearless, hard-fighting Southerner known for his eccentricities, who some say fought for slavery. They are overt symbols of racism and white supremacy, and the time is long overdue for them to depart from public display. “Robert E. Lee and Stonewall Jackson will be removed from the CUNY hall of great Americans because New York stands against racism,” New York Governor Andrew Cuomo tweeted. New research at Jackson’s home in Lexington that now sheds light on the lives of these six individuals. Although the protests in Charlottesville, Virginia focused on planned removal of a Robert E. Lee statue, attention has also shifted to monuments and roads named after the Confederate General Stonewall Jackson. It was written in elegant script by Anna Jackson, Stonewall Jackson’s wife. The Confederate General Stonewall Jackson did own slaves… We knew virtually nothing about them after the war. The Stonewall Jackson House in Lexington is undergoing a $700,000 renovation and expansion. His slaves were part of the family’s own daily religious life of Bible readings, prayer, church, and Sunday school. Spurgeon and Abele visited the cemetery where George was buried. Getty “During the war, Jackson occasionally sent money back home to support the black Sunday school class he had established.”. They want to hear those stories.". But almost nothing was known about the slaves he and his family owned. Jackson was considered Robert E. Lee's "right hand". What they uncovered is a document showing that Hetty and her two sons George and Cyrus originally belonged to the family of Mrs. Jackson in North Carolina. “Sad to see the history and culture of our great country being ripped apart with the removal of our beautiful statues and monuments. But the structure, which sat next to the main church sanctuary and consisted of one large room, was best remembered for being the location of Jackson’s Sunday school for slaves and free blacks. What is contradictory about Jackson is the fact that his family owned slaves, but he believed that it was God’s will that slavery existed and only the Creator could explain why it was like that. Jackson purchased the sixth slave, a small child named Emma, as a gift for his wife. The museum is currently undergoing a $700,000 expansion. Part of the work will provide deeper understanding of the six people the Jacksons owned as slaves. Meanwhile, President Donald Trump, already under fire for his comments on the Charlottesville white supremacist rally, lambasted removing Confederate statues, tweeting on August 17 that it was sad and foolish. His mother later remarried but her new husband didn’t like her children, and young Thomas was sent to live with relatives,” according to Know Southern History. Sad to see the history and culture of our great country being ripped apart with the removal of our beautiful statues and monuments. The Stonewall Jackson House in Lexington is undergoing a $700,000 renovation and expansion. Trump did not specifically use the word Confederate in his tweet, but it came amidst news of more Confederate statues and monuments coming down throughout the U.S., making it clear what he meant. Jackson’s slave owning status in the late 1850s is typical for a Virginian living in a town or city. You like him. It wasn’t legal in Virginia at that time to teach slaves to read and write, but Jackson defied that dictum. Stonewall Jackson Road in east Orlando could soon be renamed. Good. You….. — Donald J. Trump (@realDonaldTrump) August 17, 2017, …can't change history, but you can learn from it. He also believed that it was his mission to save their souls by teaching them the Old Testament history, The Ten Commandments, the Lord’s Prayer, and the Apostles’ Creed. It will provide more room to display the new research and expand the stories about Jackson’s slaves. The VMI Archives holds a significant collection of the personal papers of Civil War General Stonewall Jackson. Jackson was a Confederate general, who, according to the Virginia Military Institute, was also a slave owner. The three of them took Jackson’s last name, a common practice back then. So foolish!” Trump tweeted. Robert E Lee, Stonewall Jackson – who's next, Washington, Jefferson? I do know that Stonewall Jackson was willing to break the law and teach his slaves to read and write. Spurgeon will give a talk about Amy, Hetty, George, Cyrus, Albert and Emma during the Jackson House Biennial Symposium June 9. Through our upbringing and education, we have learned much about Stonewall Jackson. Jessie Knadler looks at how the issues that spilled over into violence in Charlottesville last month have been playing out in Lexington for years. Robert E Lee, Stonewall Jackson – who’s next, Washington, Jefferson? “Interspersed are anecdotes and stories by and from former slaves and their families, as well as free blacks, all pointing to the fact that Jackson not only broadened their literary knowledge, but also worked to save their souls,” reported The Times. GettyVirginia state police in front of the Robert E. Lee statue in Charlottesville, where white nationalists organized a “Unite The Right” rally. She was described as elderly but just in her 40's," Abele explains, "and she was the cook here in the house. Are we going to take down statues to George Washington? Numerous books have been written about the Confederate General Stonewall Jackson. "So much of this is the interpretation of other people who are speaking for them. Yet those same Scriptures that taught salvation also recorded centuries of slaveholding all over the world, which provided Jackson with the simplistic rationale that if it was condoned by the Bible, it must be acceptable.”, Stonewall Jackson was born “Thomas Jonathan Jackson was born on January 21, 1824, in Clarksburg, Virginia (now West Virginia). For the first time in 100 years, Virginia won't celebrate Lee-Jackson Day. He was a major slave owner.”, Stonewall Jackson, Slavery & Slaves: 5 Fast Facts You Need to Know, Copyright © 2021 Heavy, Inc. All rights reserved. So will George Washington now lose his status? He was proud to tell he was the servant of Stonewall Jackson.". Even Robert V. Remini, who was widely regarded as the preeminent Jackson-era historian prior to his death in 2013, fell victim to perpetuating Hannah’s image. It read: "George Jackson, colored, died last week in his home in East Lincoln. "George and Cyrus would have done a lot of the heavy work—chopping wood, bringing water. Like many Southerners, Jackson struggled with his feelings about the institution of slavery, but it obviously was God’s will that it exist—a belief widely held in the South. History.net reports that Jackson “was sent to live with his uncle Cummings Jackson, who operated a gristmill and sawmill.”, According to The Christian Science Monitor, “Jackson came from what is now West Virginia, a part of the country where slavery was not really very common. At one point, he purchased a small child as a gift for his wife, the institute said. "We don’t have any record of him after that at all. He was one of the few remaining ex slaves of this section. But that’s all we know," Spurgeon says. “As an adult Laura became a staunch Unionist and abolitionist. GettyThe Stonewall Jackson statue that was removed in Baltimore, Maryland. Thomas J. Jackson enters the picture. And for most of the museum’s history, these people were relegated more or less to prop status in the house. …and people like Ms. Heyer. Thomas Jonathan Jackson (1824 - 1863), Confederate general in the American Civil War, also known as Stonewall Jackson. You can’t change history, but you can learn from it. The Stonewall Jackson statue has been removed from its pedestal on Richmond’s Monument Avenue. This report, provided by Virginia Public Radio, was made possible with support from the Virginia Education Association. When T.J. Jackson moved to Lexington, Virginia to teach at VMI, he joined a church. Stonewall Jackson’s descendants – his great-great grandsons Jack and Warren Christian – penned a letter calling for removal of monuments honoring their ancestor because they consider them racist. He was orphaned very young and raised by his Uncle Cummins Edward Jackson. But anymore, visitors to the museum have a recurring inquiry. Little is known of the slave who attended "Stonewall" Jackson during the Civil War;he is frequently mentioned in letters written by Jackson and his staff officers, but his life outside the Civil War remains a mystery. Today I was surprised to find an even more explicit reference to a slave and a horse in Richard Williams’s book, Stonewall Jackson: The Black Man’s Friend, which is a wonderful example of the continued influence of the loyal slave narrative. There's no evidence that Jackson taught his slaves or anyone else's slave to read and write. Are we going to take down — excuse me. "It was very moving," Spurgeon remembers. Stonewall Jackson was as a human being and as a man of Christ, of faith. Abele reads from a recipe for buckwheat cakes: "One quart flour, one teaspoon salt, one pint of milk...", The recipe is credited to one “Aunt Amy.” Aunt Amy was a slave. Stonewall Jackson in 1855 Little known as he was to the white inhabitants of Lexington, Jackson was revered by many of the African Americans in town, both slaves and free blacks. This month, James Madison’s Montpelier started working on an answer. Yet, regardless of the affection he may have shown toward enslaved people, and as politically ambivalent as he may have been about slavery, Jackson fully participated in a larger initiative intended not to end or undermine slavery, but to make slavery … But we cannot ignore his decision to own slaves, his decision to go to war for the Confederacy, and, ultimately, the fact that he was a white man fighting on the side of white supremacy.”. He led campaigns in the Shenandoah Valley, Seven Days Battles, 2nd Bull Run and Maryland in 1862, and was mortally wounded at Chancellorsville in 1863. He disliked abolitionists, as agitators attempting to drive the nation into … GettyA statue of Stonewall Jackson atop his horse looks over Henry Hill at the battlefields of Manassas, or Bull Run as it was generally known in the North July 5, 2005 in Manassas, Virginia. Indeed, a careful study of his life would lead one to believe that General Jackson might even be … The three moved into the Lexington household as part of Anna’s wedding dowry to Jackson. “He taught slaves to read, and he was accosted in the street by people who said, ‘You can’t do this,'” the news site quoted an author of a book on Stonewall Jackson. In 1906, long after Jackson’s death, Reverend L. L. 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