The line was later extended all the way into London St Pancras in 2007. The line would utilise the existing route between Liverpool and Newcastle/Hull and a new route from to Sheffield will follow the same route to Manchester Victoria and then a new line from Victoria to Sheffield, with additional tunnels and other infrastructure. The rolling stock would be capable of travelling on the existing Network Rail infrastructure if required, with the route intersecting with the existing WCML and the East Coast Main Line (ECML). A portal into UK rail travel including train company information and promotions; train times; fares enquiries; ticket purchase and train running information From 1963, mileposts were generally coloured yellow. I have had trouble identifying US builders and some of the UK lines, so let me know if there are errors. Blackpool has the one remaining traditional tram system. After the building of the first of a new Class 395 train fleet for use partly on High Speed 1 and parts of the rest of the UK rail network, the first domestic high-speed running over 125 mph (to about 140 mph) began in December 2009, including a special Olympic Javelin shuttle for the 2012 Summer Olympics. Rail revenue fell and in 1955 the network again ceased to be profitable. All the railway companies developed their own distinctive patterns of mileposts, producing a whole range of different ideas. A maintenance backlog developed during the war and the private sector only had two years to deal with this after the war ended. There are also many private railways (some of them narrow-gauge), which are primarily short lines for tourists. The railways started with the building of local isolated wooden wagonways in 1560s. All railways in Britain are equipped with distance markers fixed at regular intervals along their length. Most contracts are awarded by the Department for Transport (DfT), with the exception of Merseyrail, where the franchise is awarded by Merseyside Passenger Transport Executive, and ScotRail, where the DfT awards on the advice of the Scottish Government. The Beeching Cuts, in contrast to passenger services, greatly modernised the goods sector, replacing inefficient wagons with containerised regional hubs. Over the course of the 19th and early 20th centuries, these amalgamated or were bought by competitors until only a handful of larger companies remained (see Railway Mania). [Note: The distance between cities in UK distance chart below is straight line distance (may be called as flying or air distance) between the two locations in UK calculated based on their latitudes and longitudes. There are eight furlongs to one mile. We have a community of hundreds of members join us over 7 years. After 1945, for both practical and ideological reasons, the government decided to bring the rail service into the public sector. The application uses the Android Location Service and converts this to a railway reference using Omnicom's GeoModel of the rail network. The APT project was abandoned, but the HST design entered service as the British Rail Classes 253, 254 and 255 trains. In many instances geography, politics or military considerations originally caused stations to be sited further from the towns they served until, with time, these issues could be overcome (for example, Portsmouth had its original station at Gosport). Although BR was a single entity, it was divided into six (later five) regional authorities in accordance with the existing areas of operation. In railways the track centreline distance is the horizontal distance between the axes of adjacent tracks (track centres). Note – Track gauge (G) = 1435mm or 1432mm for older Cen56 designs (Distance between inside edges – running edges - of rail) Other Typical Dimensions . www.iwsteamrailway.co.uk The Isle of Wight Steam Railway - a steam railway on The Isle of Wight - Don't miss it!  Since privatisation, passenger levels have more than doubled, and have surpassed their level in the late 1940s. Swindon, for example, was little more than a village before the Great Western Railway chose to site its locomotive works there. Section of rail track without the third rail The darker raised rails – known as the third rail – carry 750 volts of electricity Nearly half of the UK rail network is now electrified – and more than 30 percent uses a third rail to power the train. Mail trains had long been part of the tradition of the railways in Great Britain, famously celebrated in the film Night Mail, for which W. H. Auden wrote the poem of the same name. A second phase of the project is planned to reach further north to Manchester, Sheffield and Leeds, as well as linking into the Midland Main Line. It is one of the busiest railways in Europe, with 20% more train services than France, 60% more than Italy, and more than Spain, Switzerland, The Netherlands, Portugal and Norway combined, as well as representing more than 20% of all passenger journeys in Europe. ", "Passenger Rail Usage 2014–15 Quarter 4 Statistical Release", "Performance and punctuality (PPM) – Network Rail", "Do UK commuters pay the highest rail fares in Europe? On 15 June 2009 the Association of Train Operating Companies (ATOC) published the report Connecting Communities: Expanding Access to the Rail Network, detailing schemes around England where it believed there was a commercial business case for passenger network expansion. Some companies varied the shapes of their quarter-mileposts to make the fractions more readily identifiable [28.4]. This was never implemented by BR. BR had pursued two development projects in parallel, the development of a tilting train technology, the Advanced Passenger Train (APT), and development of a conventional high-speed diesel train, the High Speed Train (HST).  Most heritage railways are operated as tourist attractions and do not provide regular year-round train services. According to the European Railway Agency, in 2013 Britain had the safest railways in Europe based on the number of train safety incidents. Initially, there were 25 franchises, some franchises have since been combined. Rail Gauges. In addition, there are a number of heritage (mainly steam) standard and narrow gauge railways, and a few industrial railways and tramways.  However, this masks great regional variation, as in 2014–15 funding varied from "£1.41 per passenger journey in England to £6.51 per journey in Scotland and £8.34 per journey in Wales. Section 94 of the Act read: Section 87 of the Railways Clauses Consolidation (Scotland) Act 1845 placed a similar obligation on the railway companies in Scotland. The gateway to Britain's National Rail network. History. The main rail network is connected with that of continental Europe by the Channel Tunnel and High Speed 1 (originally the Channel Tunnel Rail Link), which fully opened in 1994 and 2007 respectively. Enter your route details and price per mile, and total up your distance and expenses. The DfT now itself runs competitions for the award of passenger rail franchises, and, once awarded, monitors and enforces the contracts with the private sector franchisees. It replaced the Rail Regulator on 5 July 2004. British Railways, byname British Rail, former national railway system of Great Britain, created by the Transport Act of 1947, which inaugurated public ownership of the railroads.The first railroad built in Great Britain to use steam locomotives was the Stockton and Darlington, opened in 1825.It used a steam locomotive built by George Stephenson and was practical only for hauling minerals. Using the National Rail map, along with our Journey Planner, you can get an idea of when, where and how you can travel to your destination. The consequent severe operational disruption to the national network and the company's spiralling costs set in motion a series of events which resulted in the collapse of the company and its replacement with Network Rail, a state-owned, not-for-profit company. At the time of privatisation, the rolling stock of British Rail was sold to the new operators, as in the case of the freight companies, or to the three ROSCOs (rolling stock companies) which lease or hire stock to passenger and freight train operators. Kilometre posts were also provided on the Midland Main Line in connection with the testing of the APT-E train. There are four main goods operating companies in the UK, the largest of which is DB Cargo UK (formerly DB Schenker formerly English Welsh & Scottish (EWS)). A portal into UK rail travel including train company information and promotions; train times; fares enquiries; ticket purchase and train running information The railways entered a slow decline owing to a lack of investment and changes in transport policy and lifestyles. Kilometre posts were often installed in conjunction with electrification projects. The UIC country code for United Kingdom is 70. > 20+ operators, one network... Click here for the best map of the UK rail network.  A press release Distance Charts At the heart of train timing is detailed information about the route being travelled. These include: From 1995 until 2009, 27 new lines (totalling 199 track miles) and 68 stations were opened, with 65 further new station sites identified by Network Rail or government for possible construction. The published proposals involved the re-opening or new construction of 40 stations, serving communities with populations of over 15,000, including 14 schemes involving the re-opening or reconstruction of rail lines for passenger services. While the TOCs are negotiating for a franchise they have some freedom to propose different rolling stock options. Welcome to the new version of the RailMiles Mileage Engine. Alternatively, an ordinary milepost showing "0" may be used, but quite often there is no marker at all. Electrification plans for the Midland Main Line and the Transpennine line between Manchester and Leeds have been scaled back. The first locomotive-hauled public railway opened in 1825, which was followed by an era of rapid expansion. Charts have already been produced for much of Spain. Most use both steam and diesel locomotives for haulage. Regeneration of track and railway stations was completed by 1954. Stripes or spots could be painted on the post itself, as a secondary means of showing the quarter miles [28.6]. As railways developed and expanded, one of the key issues was the track gauge (the distance, or width, between the inner sides of the rails) to be used.Different railways used different gauges, and where rails of different gauge met – a "gauge break" – loads had to be unloaded from one set of rail cars and re-loaded onto another, a time-consuming and expensive process. 87% of long-distance train journeys were rated as satisfactory in Spring 2018. The key index used to assess passenger train performance is the Public Performance Measure, which combines figures for punctuality and reliability. The previously defined half vehicle gauge was 1575 mm.  However, while the price of anytime and off-peak tickets has increased, the price of Advance tickets has dramatically decreased in real terms: the average Advance ticket in 1995 cost £9.14 (in 2014 prices) compared to £5.17 in 2014. This will encourage a wider choice of rolling stock to be considered in franchise proposals, irrespective of franchise length, ensure franchise invitations to tender (ITTs) are specified in such a way franchise bidders are allowed a choice of rolling stock, requiring the ROSCOs to remove non-discrimination requirements from the Codes of Practice, which would provide greater incentives for the TOCs to seek improved terms from the ROSCOs, requiring rolling stock lessors to provide TOCs with a set list of information when making a lease rental offer for used rolling stock, which would give TOCs the ability to negotiate more effectively, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 02:00. In establishing these codes, the Rail Regulator made it clear he expected the ROSCOs to adhere to their letter and spirit. Railways, passengers carried (million passenger-km) Container port traffic (TEU: 20 foot equivalent units) Air transport, freight (million ton-km) Air transport, passengers carried. For replacement of the domestic fleet of InterCity 125 and 225 trains on the existing national network, the Intercity Express Programme was announced. In 2009 it was announced the preferred rolling stock option for this project was the Hitachi Super Express family of multiple units, and they entered service in 2017 on the Great Western Main Line and 2019 on the East Coast Main Line. These include Belfast, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Leeds, Liverpool, London and Manchester. A milepost may be positioned facing the track (with a single face) or angled from the track (with two faces) so as to be readable from an approaching train. Swift's report did not find major problems with the operation of what was then an infant market, and instead recommended the ROSCOs sign up to voluntary, non-binding codes of practice in relation to their future behaviour. Depth of Track Construction (D) = 365mm . The 1980s saw severe cuts in government funding and above-inflation increases in fares, In the early 1990s, the five geographical Regions were replaced by a Sectored organisation, in which passenger services were organised into InterCity, Network SouthEast and Regional Railways sectors.  summarised the recommendations as follows: Three companies took over British Rail's rolling stock on privatisation: A number of other companies have since entered the leasing market: Spot-hire companies provide short-term leasing of rolling stock. Major stations lie for the most part in large cities, with the largest conurbations (e.g. The rest of the link, from north Kent to London St Pancras opened in 2007. UK rail operators point out rail fare increases have been at a substantially lower rate than petrol prices for private motoring. Construction of High Speed 2 is underway, with a projected completion date of 2026 for Phase 1 (London to Birmingham) and 2033 for Phase 2. For the US railroad map, the colour identifies the company that built the line. If the ORR does refer the market to the Competition Commission, there may well be a hiatus in investment in new rolling stock whilst the ROSCOs and their parent companies wait to hear what return they will be allowed to make on their train fleets. Then I found a small word "detailed" and, hey presto, when I pushed that mileages. Diagram 3 . in the world which means any trains must be significantly narrower and less tall than those used elsewhere.  For some years, Britain has been said to have the highest rail fares in Europe, with peak-time and season tickets considerably higher than other countries, partly because rail subsidies in Europe are higher. These included the Hatfield accident, caused by a rail fragmenting due to the development of microscopic cracks. Underground technology is used in the Glasgow subway, Merseyrail centred on Liverpool, London Underground centred on London, London Overground centred on London, London Docklands Light Railway and the Tyne & Wear Metro centred on Newcastle upon Tyne. The stated distance is measured from a defined point of origin, usually an important station or junction. Train fares cost 2.7% more than under British Rail in real terms on average. Most of the track is managed by Network Rail, which in 2017 had a network of 15,811 kilometres (9,824 mi) of standard-gauge lines, of which 5,374 kilometres (3,339 mi) were electrified. Unlike a number of other countries, rail travel in the United Kingdom has enjoyed a renaissance in recent years, with passenger numbers approaching their highest ever level (see usage figures below). Omnicom's Track Locator provides those working on, or interested in, the UK Rail Industry with a simple way to determine their current location in the standard rail referencing system of Engineering Line Reference and Mileage. However, some important railway junction stations lie in smaller cities and towns, for example York, Crewe and Ely. A milepost stating a fraction of miles may [28.2] or may not [28.3] show the full mileage. These would be short-lead-time local projects, to be completed in timescales ranging from 2 years 9 months to 6 years, once approved by local and regional governments, Network Rail and the Department for Transport, complementing existing long-term national projects. The UK was ranked eighth among national European rail systems in the 2017 European Railway Performance Index for intensity of use, quality of service and safety performance.  A major programme of remedial work on the West Coast Main Line started in 1997 and finished in 2008.. One reason for compelling the railway companies to have mileposts installed was that it allowed passengers to verify that they had been charged an appropriate fare for the length of their journey. , At the end of September 2003, the first part of High Speed 1, a high-speed link to the Channel Tunnel and onward to France and Belgium, was completed, significantly adding to the rail infrastructure of the country. Legal Notices The report was published on 7 April 2009. Other routes in the UK were upgraded with trains capable of top speeds of up to 125 mph running with the introduction between 2000 and 2005 of Class 180 Adelante DMUs and the Bombardier Voyager DEMUs (Classes 220, 221 and 222). The application uses the iPhone Location Service and converts this to a r… For the UK railway map, the colour identifies the owning company pre-grouping (circa 1923). In the 1950’s, the acquisition of a Scottish Region timetable intrigued him in the obscure railway station names that he was learning for the first time. I wonder why it doesn't show mileage if you actually use the detailed search in the first place? Franchises specify the passenger rail services which are to be run and the quality and other conditions (for example, the cleanliness of trains, station facilities and opening hours, the punctuality and reliability of trains) which the operators have to meet. , Rail subsidies have increased from £2.7bn in 1992–93 to £3.6bn in 2015–16 (in current prices), although subsidy per journey has fallen from £3.65 per journey to £2.08 per journey. The Railways Clauses Consolidation Act 1845 required that the railway companies in England and Wales provide markers at quarter mile intervals along the trackside. The desire for profitability led to a major reduction in the network during the mid-1960s, with ICI manager Dr. Richard Beeching commissioned by the government under Ernest Marples with reorganising the railways. ", "The facts about rail fares – Stagecoach Group", "Rail industry financial information 2015–16 | Office of Rail and Road", "Our Legal and Financial Structure: How are we regulated", "Do the public want the railways renationalised? There are 2,566 passenger railway stations on the Network Rail network. Instead, from 1 January 1923, almost all the remaining companies were grouped into the "big four": the Great Western Railway, the London and North Eastern Railway, the London Midland and Scottish Railway and the Southern Railway companies (there were also a number of other joint railways such as the Midland and Great Northern Joint Railway and the Cheshire Lines Committee as well as special joint railways such as the Forth Bridge Railway, Ryde Pier Railway and at one time the East London Railway). This was followed by the Long Distance sector (322%) and the London and South East sector (247%). Examples include Heathrow Express and Hull Trains. In 2016, there were 1.718 billion journeys on the National Rail network, making the British network the fifth most used in the world (Great Britain ranks 23rd in world population). Many of these have grown thanks to the major selling-off of locomotives by the large freight operators, especially EWS. Following several studies and consultations on high-speed rail, in 2009 the UK Government formally announced the High Speed 2 project, establishing a company to produce a feasibility study to examine route options and financing for a new high-speed railway in the UK. respectively for overall satisfaction in Spring 2018. Passenger services experienced a renaissance with the introduction of the InterCity 125 trains in the 1970s. Track installed before then was designed to 1432mm or 1435mm. These wagonways then spread, particularly in mining areas. The principal modern railway statutes are: The railways are one of the most heavily unionised industrial sectors in the UK. Railways in Great Britain are in the private sector, but they are subject to control by central government, and to economic and safety regulation by arms of government. This change coincided with the repainting of permanent speed restriction indicators from white to yellow, to improve their visibility in snow (see Section 13). This means British trains cannot be bought "off-the-shelf" and must be specially built to fit British standards. Passenger levels fluctuated since then, increasing during periods of economic growth and falling during recessions. To cope with increasing passenger numbers, there is a large programme of upgrades to the network, including Thameslink, Crossrail, electrification of lines, in-cab signalling, new inter-city trains and a new high-speed line. , The United Kingdom is a member of the International Union of Railways (UIC). See List of companies operating trains in the United Kingdom. The railway system in Great Britain is the oldest railway system in the world. On 29 November 2006, following a June 2006 complaint by the DfT alleging excessive pricing by the ROSCOs, the Office of Rail Regulation (as it was then called) announced it was minded to refer the operation of the market for passenger rolling stock to the Competition Commission, citing, amongst other factors, problems in the DfT's own franchising policy as responsible for what may be regarded as a dysfunctional market. These pages are a full listing of railway stations on Britain's national network post-privatisation, together with that station's Engineer's Line Reference, mileage, owner and post-privatisation operator. High-speed inter-city rail (above 124 mph or 200 km/h) was first introduced in Great Britain in the 1970s by British Rail. Long distance rail journeys are rated consistently higher for passenger satisfaction than journeys made regionally and within London and the South East, rating 84% and 79% . On some lines, the location of the zero point was stated on the mileposts [28.7]. The UK has the 17th largest railway network in the world; despite many lines having closed in the 20th century, due to the Beeching cuts, it remains one of the densest networks. Average rolling-stock age fell slightly from the third quarter of 2001–02 to 2017–18, from 20.7 years old to 19.6 years old, and recent large orders from Bombardier, CAF, Hitachi and Stadler will bring down the average age to around 15 years by March 2021.. Do not use where the safety of you or others is a concern. The prototype HST, the Class 252, reached a world speed record for diesel trains of 143.2 mph, while the main fleet entered service limited to a service speed of 125 mph, and were introduced progressively on main lines across the country, with a rebranding of their services as the InterCity 125. Quarter miles are frequently represented by symbols such as spots, triangles or bars [28.5]. Post privatisation, a plan to upgrade the West Coast Main Line to speeds of up to 140 mph with infrastructure improvements were finally abandoned, although the tilting train Class 390 Pendolino fleet designed for this maximum speed of service were still built and entered service in 2002, and operates limited to 125 mph. (to match train wheels) towards track centre . i. Previous statistical releases. A symbolic loss to the rail freight industry in Great Britain was the custom of the Royal Mail, which from 2004 discontinued use of its 49-train fleet, and switching to road haulage after a near 170-year-preference for trains. The trains were eventually limited to the same speed as the HST, to 125 mph, with higher speeds deemed to require cab signalling, which as of 2010 was not in place on the normal British railway network (but was used on the Channel Tunnel Rail Link). Most date from the Victorian era and a number are in or on the edge of town and city centres. This has coincided with the privatisation of British Rail, but the cause of this increase is unclear. Liverpool, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Edinburgh, Glasgow and Manchester) typically having more than one main station. It is only once they have won the franchise, however, they start negotiating with the ROSCOs. Many branch lines (and a number of main lines) were closed because they were deemed uneconomic ("the Beeching Axe" of 1963), removing much feeder traffic from main line passenger services. Conventional high-speed rail technology would be used as opposed to Maglev. The posts at the half-kilometre positions were diamond shaped, with a "5".