confessio amantis modern english translation

Upon being told that he is on the verge of dying from love, Venus insists that he be shriven, and summons her chaplain Genius to hear his confession. This veiled criticism of the Confessio's immoral stories is not necessarily inconsistent with Chaucer's famous dubbing of his friend "Moral Gower"; that passage, in Chaucer's Troilus, was likely written before Gower even began the Confessio. Written in Middle English, the Confessio Amantis is a long poem: 33,000 lines long, to be precise. According to its prologue, it was composed at the request of Richard II. JOHN GOWER (c. 1330-1408) was an English poet who wrote in French, Latin, and Middle English. Navigate; Linked Data; Dashboard; Tools / Extras; Stats; Share . The external matter comprises the prologue, which spills over briefly into the start of Book 1 and an epilogue at the end of Book 8. JOHN GOWER, CONFESSIO AMANTIS, BOOK 7: FOOTNOTES. While not of immense importance as a source for later works, the Confessio is nonetheless significant in its own right as one of the earliest poems written in a form of English that is clearly recognizable as a direct precursor to the modern standard, and, above all, as one of the handful of works that established the foundations of literary prestige on which modern English literature is built. These include the Apollonius, which served as a source for the Shakespearean Pericles, and the tales shared with Chaucer, such as the tales of Constance (II.587–1603, also told by the Man of Law) and Florent (I.1407–1875, also told by the Wife of Bath). Unlike the bulk of the Confessio, these have much in common with Gower's previous works (Pearsall 1966:475). This edition includes all Latin components of the poem along with translations. Boston University Libraries. The following electronic text is based on that edition published in THE WORKS OF JOHN GOWER, ed. on November 18, 2011, There are no reviews yet. The works of John Gower as well as those of Chaucer initiated a new tradition of vernacular English poetry relying on a syllabic verse structure. The Latin Verses in the Confessio Amantis: An Annotated Translation: Echard, Sian, Fanger, Claire: 9780937191194: Books - Amazon.ca Cambridge University MS Mm 2.21; film in University of Michigan … 1410 1415 1420 1425 1430 1435 1440 1445 1450 1455 1460 1465 1470 1475 1480 1485 1490 1495 1500 1505 1510 1515 1520 1525 1530 1535 1540 1545 1550 1555 1560 1565 1570 1575 1580 1585 1590 1595 1600 1605 1610 1615 1620 1625 1630 1635 1640 1645 1650 1655 1660 1665 1670 1675 1680 1685 1690 1695 1700 1705 1710 1715 1720 1725 1730 … It has been suggested that it was the influence of Chaucer, who had in part dedicated his Troilus and Criseyde to Gower, that persuaded him that the vernacular was a suitable language for poetry, and the influence of Chaucer's Legend of Good Women has been detected in the Confessio (Macaulay 1908:sec 23). Confessio amantis by John Gower, Sian Echard, Claire Fanger, 2005, Published for TEAMS (The Consortium for the Teaching of the Middle Ages) in association with the University of Rochester by Medieval Institute Publications, College of Arts and Sciences, Western Michigan University edition, in English … Confessio amantis : (The lover's shrift) / John Gower ; translated into modern English with an introduction by Terence Tiller Gower, John, 1325?-1408 View online Borrow The frame story as such is easily summarised. Social. Gower's previous works had been written in Anglo-Norman French and Latin. Confessio amantis by John Gower, Sian Echard, Claire Fanger, 1968, Holt, Rinehart and Winston edition, in English, Middle (1100-1500) (Lee in DNB) Thus "Gower’s dialect is essentially based on the two regional dialects of Kent and Suffolk, not that of London, as Macaulay(1901:cxxx, 1908:sec 32) thought.". Prof. G.C. [it] has a large integrity and unity based on a defense of [Gower's] ethical scheme for the universe... Gower tells in the Prologue exactly what he is going to do. Confessio Amantis ("The Lover's Confession") is a 33,000-line Middle English poem by John Gower, which uses the confession made by an ageing lover to the chaplain of Venus as a frame story for a collection of shorter narrative poems. The English Works of John Gower, ed. The Learning Store. Mail This section ends with an account of the dream of Nebuchadnezzar (which draws on a similar passage in the Vox Clamantis), identifying the statue's feet of iron mixed with clay with the medieval world that Gower perceives as hopelessly divided and in danger of imminent collapse. It follows that it is hard to produce a definite figure for the number of tales in the Confessio. Tale of Acteon 333-88; Tale of Medusa 389-462; Aspidis the Serpent 463-80; The Sirens 481-574; Hypocrisy 575-672. The first known criticism is an apparent reference in Chaucer's 'Man of Law's Prologue': the eponymous Man, praising Chaucer, observes that. Confessio Amantis is a 33.000-line Middle English poem by John Gower, which uses the confession made by an ageing lover to the chaplain of Venus as a frame story for a collection of shorter narrative poems. What follows is the conventional history as formulated by Macaulay (1901:xxi). This version of the work saw widespread circulation, perhaps due to its royal connections (Peck 2000), and was the most popular of Gower's works, with at least 32 of the 49 surviving manuscripts of the Confessio containing this version. Gower has also been given his share of appreciation. (1899). Confessio amantis (The lover's shrift by Gower, John. In Gower's hands this becomes a treatise on good kingship, and it is in this book that it is most obvious how the work is intended to answer the royal commission. "Some Sources of the Seventh Book of Gower's "Confessio Amantis " ". In this context, the plan of the work given in the prologue is one of the most-quoted passages of the poem: This is essentially what he does; the external matter and parts of the narrative frame, together with some long digressions (most notably the whole of Book 7, discussed below) make up the "lore", while the majority of the tales are wholly concerned with "lust". Latin marginalia: Hic incipit confessio Amantis, cui de duobus precipue quinque sensuum, hoc est de visu et auditu, confessor pre ceteris opponit. Gower's language differs from the London dialect in which Chaucer wrote. Thus this edition has sought to provide abundant glosses and notes to make his Middle English more fully clear to modern readers. CONFESSIO AMANTIS or TALES OF THE SEVEN DEADLY SINS By John Gower, 1330-1408 A.D. And he recapitulates in the Epilogue. Confessio amantis by John Gower, Sian Echard, Claire Fanger, 1964, Miami University edition, in English And even the structure of his work has been declared perfect by some: Coffman (1945:58) argues that. Some well known differences between Chaucer and Gower are explained by conclusion that Gower is associated with Kent and Suffolk. Watt (2003:11) sums up the divided critical reactions as "reflecting ... the complexity of both the poem itself, which invites conflicting interpretations and contradictory reactions, and its textual history". This decision has not always met with appreciation, the shorter lines being sometimes viewed as lending themselves to monotonous regularity, but Gower's handling of the metre has usually been praised. It stands with the works of Chaucer, Langland, and the Pearl poet as one of the great works of late 14th-century English literature. Another group is definitely East Anglian: Gower's family owned land in SW Suffolk (Kentwell Hall) and had associations with NW Kent (Brabourne?[2]). With the exception of a 74 line letter "unto cupid and to venus" in Book VIII, Gower did not adopt the new pentameter with which Chaucer had recently been experimenting, and which was in the 15th century to become the standard metre for English rhyme. William Caxton, the first English printer, who, as a translator and publisher, exerted an important influence on English literature. no. A 15th-century treatise printed by Caxton describes "his bookes, called Confessionalle" as. It is hard to find works that show signs of direct influence: the only clear example is Shakespeare's Pericles, where the influence is conscious borrowing: the use of Gower's characteristic octosyllabic line for the character of Gower himself. It is worth doing. Gower characterised his verse in the Confessio as the plain style. Lewis, who, though admitting that the work can be "prosaic" and "dull" in places, identifies a "sweetness and freshness" in the verse and praises its "memorable precision and weight" (Lewis 1936:201). Translated into modern English with an introduction by Terence Tiller (Penguin Classics. John Gower's Confessio amantis: Rights/Permissions: Oxford Text Archive number: U-1677-C. The poet, as a lover, confesses his shortcomings to Genius, the priest of Venus, who absolves him and relates tales suitable to counteract each type of sin. If you have questions about the collection, please contact mec-info@umich.edu. G. C. Macaulay, 2 vols., Early English Text Society, Extra Series 81 (1900; reprint 1978); 82 (1901). Confessio Amantis, Book I, 1407-1882. 294 ff. His 33,000-line poem Confessio Amantis ("The Lover's Confession") uses the frame of the confessions of an ageing lover to tell a series of incidents of famous loves. Services . Book 8 returns to the confession. Even C.S. Lewis, who has been quoted above admiring the style of the work, was unconvinced by its structure, describing the epilogue as "a long and unsuccessful coda" (Lewis 1936:222). Macauley. As the name implies, the poem details the confession of Amans, the Lover. A third and final recension was published in 1393, retaining the dedication to Henry. first half of Confessio Amantis(to V.1970) G.C.Macaulay, ed. Hypocrisy of Lovers 672-760; Tale of Mundus and Paulina 761-1076 ; Trojan Horse 1077-1234; Disobedience 1235-1342; Murmur and Complaint 1343–1406. Though this is one sin Amans is innocent of, Genius contrives to fill a book nonetheless by telling the longest and best-known story in the Confessio, namely Apollonius of Tyre (VIII.271–2008). Additional assistance provided by Diane M. Brendan. Publication date. Confessio Amantis ("The Lover's Confession") is a 33,000-line Middle English poem by John Gower, which uses the confession made by an ageing lover to the chaplain of Venus as a frame story for a collection of shorter narrative poems. These materials are in the public domain. According to Macaulay (1901:xxii), a second recension was issued in about 1392, with some significant changes: most notably, most references to Richard are removed, as is the dedication to Chaucer, and these are replaced with a new dedication to Henry of Lancaster, the future Henry IV. He was a close friend of Geoffrey Chaucer. According to its prologue, it was composed at the request of Richard II. [Here begins the confession of the Lover, to whom the Confessor particularly inquires concerning two of the five senses, that is, sight and sound.] Modern Philology. contracted 3rd person singular present indicative verbs, used to a far greater extent than in Chaucer, e.g. The influential assessment of Puttenham (1589:50) found Gower's English verse inadequate in every respect: Gower [...] had nothing in him highly to be commended, for his verse was homely and without good measure, his wordes strained much deale out of the French writers, his ryme wrested, and in his inuentions small subtilitie: the applications of his moralities are the best in him, and yet those many times very grossely bestowed, neither doth the substance of his workes sufficiently aunswere the subtiltie of his titles. Back to top Confessio Amantis: Book 5. The best-known tales are those that have analogues in other English writers, since these are often studied for comparison. This notwithstanding, the digression, and the consequent flaw in an otherwise strict plan, is the most frequently criticised aspect of the poem's structure (see e.g. The Confessio is divided into a prologue and eight books, which are divided thematically. The work's most enthusiastic advocate was C.S. At this point, however, Gower breaks his form and digresses: at the end of Book 6 Amans requests that Genius give him a break from the confession and teach him wisdom instead, and Genius responds in Book 7 by discoursing at length on the education given by Aristotle to Alexander the Great. Confessio amantis by John Gower, Sian Echard, Claire Fanger, 1963, Penguin Books edition, in English None of Gower's tales are original. He invokes Venus and Cupid, who promptly appear and demand to know the reason for his sorrow. The Confessio (begun about 1386) runs to some 33,000 lines in octosyllabic couplets and takes the form of a collection of exemplary tales of love placed within the framework of a lover’s confession to a priest of Venus. Crucial as Latin clearly was to late medieval English poems like Piers Plowman and Gower’s Confessio Amantis, and as the idea of Latin glossing was to Chaucer, Latin mar- ginal glossing of English in this learned and exploratory period of English poetry is rare and muted, regardless of issues of orthodoxy or heresy. Vol 2:The complete works of John Gower. The Confessio was apparently popular in its own time; its 49 surviving manuscripts suggest a popularity about halfway between Chaucer's Canterbury Tales (80 copies) and Troilus and Criseyde (16 copies). Gower's vocabulary is educated, with extensive use of French and Latin loans, some of them apparently original; for example, the Confessio is the earliest work in which the word "history" is attested in English (OED also Middle English Dictionary). Confessio amantis by John Gower, Sian Echard, Claire Fanger, 1968, Holt, Rinehart and Winston edition, in Latin The subsequent history is complicated and not entirely certain. While only a few manuscripts of this version survive, it has been taken as representing Gower's final vision for the work, and is the best-known version, having served as the basis of all modern editions. Publication date 1963 Publisher Baltimore,: Penguin Books Collection universityoffloridaduplicates; univ_florida_smathers; americana Digitizing sponsor University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries with support from LYRASIS and the Sloan Foundation Contributor University of Florida, George A. Smathers Libraries Language English. By the 19th century, the Confessio was regarded by some as an established "monument of dulness and pedantry" (quoted by Coffman 1945:52). The University of Michigan Library provides access to these materials for educational and research purposes. Samuels and Smith (1988:15) observed that there are several ways in which his language differs from that of Chaucer. L.128.) To his contemporaries, Gower's work was generally as well known as the poetry of Chaucer: Caxton printed Gower's work alongside Chaucer's, and Gower became part of the early canon of English literature. He notably published The Canterbury Tales, Le Morte Darthur, and Confessio amantis. The prologue of this first recension recounts that the work was commissioned by Richard II after a chance meeting with the royal barge on the River Thames; the epilogue dedicates the work to Richard and to Geoffrey Chaucer, as the "disciple and poete" of Venus. The Confessio Amantis is bilingual. He retained instead the octosyllabic line that had previously been the standard form for English poetry, and wrote it in couplets, rather than in the stanzas he had employed in his previous works. He explains the various aspects of each one with exempla, and requires Amans to detail any ways in which he has committed them. Learn more about Caxton’s life and career. Smith (2004:65) concludes that despite these regional features "Gower was evidently part of the linguistic community of late-fourteenth-century London." 'John Gower in His Most Significant Role', in, Pearsall, Derek (1966). 1 In every matter, wise doctrine gains well-being, nor does anyone except one taught acquire wealth. In the prologue he details at some length the numerous failings he identifies in the three estates (government, church, and people) of his time. Tale of Florent 1407-1882; Presumption … Composition of the work probably began circa 1386, and the work was completed in 1390. Pearsall (2004:94) assigns a "dubious status" to Macaulay's ‘second recension’ and has other comments on Macaulay's account of the text. The story of the brazen head, here associated with Robert Grosseteste, were later associated with his disciple Roger Bacon. 1 Jan. 1963. Tens of thousands of lines later, the epilogue returns to these concerns, again touching on the matters Gower believes each estate needs most urgently to attend to. Much revision took place, some of it by Gower and some probably by individual scribes. Database of Middle English Romances – provides key information, including (where known) date and place of composition, verse form, authorship and sources, extant manuscripts and early modern prints, for each romance, as well as a full list of modern editions and plot summaries. Which Chaucer wrote, ed, these have much in common with Gower 's Confessio Amantis is long! Venus cures him of his infatuation and career Amans absolved of all his sins against love, cures. 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